用科技普及国际化教育 让世界住进孩子的心灵
 

Topic4 Year9 | 玛蒂尔达携纯真奇幻,为你而来!

作者 : UKidSchool 发布时间 : 2019-05-20 16:22:13 点击次数:257次

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01话题介绍

玛蒂尔达是个非常有天赋的孩子,但是她的父母(沃乌德夫妇)对她的天赋却毫不在意。当玛蒂尔达还是个刚学会走路的孩子的时候,她向父亲要了一本书,但父亲却拒绝了,相反还鼓励她去看电视。在三岁的时候,她开始学着自己看书。到了四岁,她已经能够很流畅的读完一本书,并且她开始发现读书的乐趣。玛蒂尔达独自来到图书馆,在那里她遇见了非常有学识的管理员费尔普斯夫人。费尔普斯夫人发现玛蒂尔达是一个阅读能力很高的孩子,于是她帮助玛蒂尔达挑选了一些超出她年龄的书籍。小说《玛蒂尔达》的第一章便是《一个小读者》,玛蒂尔达最喜欢的书之一是《秘密花园》,她还读过英国著名小说家查尔斯·狄更斯所写的《远大前程》。

Matilda Wormwood is an extremely gifted child. Matilda is born to parents (Mr and Mrs Wormwood) who are not interested in, or impressed by, her great intelligence. When Matilda is only a toddler, she asks her father for a book but he refuses, encouraging her to simply watch television instead. At the age of three, Matilda teaches herself to read! By the age of four, Matilda can read well, and she discovers the joy of books. Matilda takes herself off to the local library where she meets the very informative librarian Mrs Phelps – Mrs Phelps helps Matilda choose books way in advance of her age because Mrs Phelps realises that Matilda is a highly able reader of books. In fact, the first chapter of the novel ‘Matilda’ is entitled ‘The Reader of Books’. One of Matilda’s favourite books is ‘The Secret Garden’. Matilda also reads ‘Great Expectations’ by the famous British novelist, Charles Dickens.  

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玛蒂尔达的父母不关心自己的女儿。他们不尊重她的想法,因为他们不理解她的智慧。沃乌德夫妇更喜欢他们的儿子迈克尔,尽管他并不像玛蒂尔达一样聪慧。沃乌德先生是一个不值得信赖的人,他通过和偷车的人合作卖车来赚钱。

Matilda’s parents are unconcerned with their daughter and often talk to her disrespectfully because they do not understand her great intellect. The Wormwoods prefer to congratulate their son Michael, despite the fact that he is not a remarkable child like Matilda. Mr Wormwood chooses to earn money by involving himself with criminals who sell stolen cars – he is not to be trusted.

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另外一个负面人物是玛蒂尔达就读学校的校长——昌切布小姐。她面对学生总是一副轻蔑的态度,面对玛蒂尔达能够解答复杂数学问题以及阅读密集文字的能力,她总是抱着怀疑和轻蔑的态度。尽管如此,玛蒂尔达还是得到了她的班主任哈尼小姐的支持和指导。玛蒂尔达是一个善于交际的孩子,这让她很容易就能交到新朋友。她运用自己的特长去保护和照顾她爱的人。

Another person who is not a good role model for Matilda is Miss Trunchbull; she is the headteacher of the school that Matilda attends. Miss Trunchbull treats children with contempt and she, also, is suspicious and disdainful of Matilda’s ability to solve complex maths problems and read dense text. However, Matilda does receive support and guidance in the form of Miss Honey, her nurturing class teacher. Matilda is a gregarious child, hence she makes friends easily. Matilda develops special powers that she uses for good, ensuring that she looks after those that she loves.  

02人物介绍

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玛蒂尔达是罗尔德·达尔同名著作中的主角。玛蒂尔达的大脑非常的发达, 她能够很好的利用心灵感应的力量 (用她的意念移动东西)。

Matilda is the protagonist in Roald Dahl’s book of the same name. As well as being a child genius, Matilda is a champion for justice – she values honesty and doing the right thing. Matilda’s brain is so developed, she is able to use the power of telekinesis (moving things around with her mind). 

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阿加莎·昌切布小姐是一个不可忽视的角色。她是一个身材高大又强壮的人, 曾经参加过奥运会投掷类的比赛,学生和家长都惧怕她。她着实不应该被称为老师, 因为她不但不教孩子,相反, 她还恐吓他们。

Miss Agatha Trunchbull is a force to be reckoned with. She is a tall and sturdy figure who once competed at throwing large objects in the Olympic Games. Children and parents alike are horrified by ‘The Trunchbull’ (as she is so-called). This character really ought not be a teacher, for she does not teach children; rather she terrorises them.  

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詹妮弗·哈尼是善良和爱的缩影。哈尼小姐注意到了玛蒂尔达的天赋,并尝试着将这些告诉玛蒂尔达的父母,但是最后以失败告终。哈尼小姐鼓励小神童并继续培养她的思想,给玛蒂尔达情感上的支持,并最终成为她的监护人。

Jennifer Honey is the epitome of kindness and affection. Miss Honey notices Matilda’s talent and tries, in vein, to convey this to Matilda’s parents and The Trunchbull. Miss Honey encourages the child prodigy to continue to cultivate her mind and gives Matilda emotional support and finally becomes her parental guardian.  

03为什么我们认为这个话题值得学习?

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世界著名的英国作家罗尔德·达尔创作了一个关于一个名叫玛蒂尔达的女孩的故事,非常值得研究。这个故事本质上是讲述一个小女孩如何通过她所接受的教育以及在探索儿童与成人的社会关系中去适应这个世界。《玛蒂尔达》这本书在人物形象、动作设计等方面用了很大的心思,使得这本书成为一本著作,书中运用了很多幽默的手法,这样可以引起学生强烈的好奇心,使他们迫不及待的想要知道接下来的故事情节,从而使他们能够持续的阅读这本书。总而言之,这本书就是讲述女主角玛蒂尔达在被父母忽视,被昌切布小姐蔑视的艰难环境中依然坚强的面对生活的故事。

The world-famous British author Roald Dahl constructed a narrative about a girl called Matilda. The story alone makes ‘Matilda’ the novel worthy of study. The story is essentially one of a young girl coming of age and learning how to navigate her way in the world, mostly through the education she receives and the socialisation with children and adults that she is engaged in. ‘Matilda’ has it all in terms of great writing, action, and zany characters; there is plenty of humour, too, which ensures that children cannot wait to find out what happens in the story, so they keep on reading. Ultimately, the book is about Matilda as a formidable girl - portrayed as a heroine - who overcomes adversity (the poor treatment she receives from her parents and Miss Trunchbull).

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这部著作具有很重要的教育意义,尽管这本书是写于1988年,但它所传递的男女平等的思想符合每一个时代的主题。此外, 故事还告诉我们, 有了通过教育获得的知识和见识,孩子们就能成就伟业。通过昌切布小姐的性格我们了解到,拥有力量并不意味着要成为一个可怕的、刻薄的野蛮人。一个聪明的小女孩和她善良的老师也拥有着无穷的力量。这本书告诉我们,善良的人最终会占主导地位,玛蒂尔达就是很好的例子,她靠自己的善良和智慧最终变得出众,她不必像昌切布一样用威胁和恐吓来赢得尊重。

In terms of educational value, the topic is worth learning because, even though Roald Dahl wrote the book in 1988, the story is a parable for our times, exemplifying that women and men are equal. Furthermore, the writing informs us that with knowledge and insight gained through education, children can achieve great things. Through the character of Miss Trunchbull, we learn that power does not always mean being a terrible, mean brute. Power can also be found in a very smart little girl and her kind teacher, Miss Honey. The book teaches us that virtuous people prevail in the end, Matilda is the one who comes out on top, through sheer goodness and ingenuity. She does not have to resort to be the kind of terror that The Trunchbull does. 

04该话题中,我们每个学科都学习什么?

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在艺术课上,我们将教学生关于角色轮的概念和目的。我们将把小说中出现的关键角色以及对角色的描述以角色轮的方式呈现给学生。学生还将会看到因《玛蒂尔达》而流行起来的书签,通过这些来增强阅读的乐趣。

Art lessons will teach students about the concept and purpose of character wheels. A character wheel will be demonstrated to students with various key protagonists from the novel placed on the wheel, along with a description of the character. Students will also see Matilda inspired bookmarks, and learn how these can enhance the joy of reading.

在英语课中,学生会通过学习英国不同类型的图书馆了解到图书馆的重要性,比如:移动图书馆、大学图书馆、大英图书馆,以及现代图书馆等。学生还会学习一些拼写技巧,用于拼写那些与发音不太一样的单词。学生可以运用本节课所学的技巧在以后的学习中去拼写不规律的单词。

In English, students learn about the significance of libraries. Libraries in Britain are discussed, in particular: mobile libraries; university libraries; The British Library; contemporary libraries.  Students also learn about how to use spelling strategies in order to help spell words that are not spelt how they sound. Students can then apply these strategies when trying to spell English words (which have many irregular spelling rules).

数学课的目的是为了使学员了解speed和velocity之间的区别,同时了解如何记录车辆的速度。此外, 学生们还将了解 "multiplication" 和 "division" 的含义,以及这些是如何反转的。

In Maths, the learning objective is to know the difference between speed and velocity; also, to understand about the way speed is recorded in vehicles. Furthermore, students will learn what ‘multiplication’ and ‘division’ mean, and how these are inverses.

在地理课上,我们会一起探讨不同类型的旅行,以及旅行的好处。这一课的灵感来自于玛蒂尔达对世界各地的书籍的热爱,我们还会教授学生在旅行过程中要注意保护自然和环境。

In geography lessons, we discuss the different types of travel, as well as the benefits of travelling, inspired by Matilda’s love of books from around the world. We also teach about responsible tourism, linked to protecting nature and the environment.

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在PSHE课程中,学生会了解到教育给我们带来力量的多种方式。我们会教授学生正面思考的价值以及它如何在帮助孩子们完成学业和实现人生目标方面发挥重大作用。

In PSHE, students learn about the multitude ways that education can empower us. We also teach about the value of positive affirmation and how this can go a long way in helping children to achieve their academic and life goals. 

在历史方面,我们通过玛蒂尔达是天才这个故事主线来谈论英国专为一些高智商人群而设置的组织——门萨。我们还会了解英国著名物理学家斯蒂芬·霍金的生活和工作状态。

Matilda is a child genius, so in the subject of history, we talk about the British organisation Mensa (a society for incredibly bright people). We also celebrate the life and work of the famous British physicist, Stephen Hawking, who was a member of Mensa but also transformed the way we perceive time and space.

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玛蒂尔达经常和父亲恶作剧。她的恶作剧之一便是用超强力胶水让父亲的帽子粘在他的头上,使得他很难把帽子摘下来。在科学课上,我们通过这个故事教授学生认识不同类型的胶水以及胶水是如何发挥作用的。此外,我们还会进行制造类似胶水的实验。

Matilda plays tricks on her father – one of the tricks she plays is to superglue his hat to his head, which makes it extremely difficult for him to remove it! In science, then, we teach about different types of glue and how glue works. Additionally, we show experiments about how to make glue-like substances. 

在表演艺术课上,我们会将罗尔德的作品以喜剧的形式呈现出来。《幽灵》是书中的第四章。玛蒂尔达使她的家人相信房子里有一个幽灵,而事实上,家人认为是“鬼”的东西,其实只是一只鹦鹉。我们通过一种幽默和温和的方式来教授与鬼有关的知识,以及故事中的人物和闹鬼房子之间的联系。我们也会在教学生著名歌曲《When I grow up》的歌词时,了解音乐剧《玛蒂尔达》,向这部巨作致意。以《When I grow up》这首歌作为课程的结尾是非常合适的,因为这个故事讲述的就是成长过程中的故事。

The subject of performing arts allows us to let the comedy of Roald Dahl’s writing come through. ‘The Ghost’ is chapter 4 in the book. Matilda makes her family believe that there is a ghost in the house. In fact, what the family believe to be a ‘ghost’ is really a parrot! Bringing in humour, and in a child friendly way, we teach about ghosts and their links to haunted houses. We also make a nod to Matilda the Musical when we teach students the words to a well-known song (‘When I Grow Up’) from the hit theatre show. ‘When I Grow Up’ is a fitting premise on which to end the topic, since ‘Matilda’ is a coming of age story. 

05孩子可以从这个话题中得到哪些受益?

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《玛蒂尔达》在1988年出版后不久便获得了儿童图书奖,自此以后一直广受读者的喜爱。全世界的孩子都知道《玛蒂尔达》这个故事。2010年,皇家莎士比亚公司认为这个故事值得登上舞台。《玛蒂尔达》的戏剧作品在埃文河畔斯特拉福(莎士比亚的出生地) 上演, 随后转移到伦敦西区。2013年,该剧在百老汇 (美国的戏剧中心) 开播。

Matilda won the Children’s Book Award shortly after it was published in 1988 and it has continued to delight audiences ever since. Children the world over know the story of ‘Matilda’. In 2010, The Royal Shakespeare Company deemed the story worthy of taking to the stage. The theatre production of ‘Matilda’ opened in Stratford upon Avon (Shakespeare’s birthplace), then transferred to London’s West End. In 2013, the show opened on Broadway (America’s theatre hub). 

罗尔德·达尔以其生动的想象力和天才的创造力而闻名。罗尔德利用他的夸张和创造力来描写女主角玛蒂尔达的世界以及和她相关的角色。孩子们可以从这个话题中得到的一个好处是,罗尔德的写作风格可以引导孩子巧妙的思考,并撼动他们先入为主的观念。在这本书中,孩子们还会学习使用叙述者视角的文学技巧——在小说中有效地使用叙述者来提供对事件和人物的评论。

Roald Dahl is renowned for his vivid imagination and creative genius. Dahl uses his skills of hyperbole and creativity to excess in his writing of our heroine, Matilda, her world, and those characters she interacts with. A benefit that children can get from this topic is that Dahl’s writing style can influence children to think ingeniously and to question their preconceived perceptions. In this book, children also learn about the literary technique of how authors use the narrator point of view - the narrator is used effectively in the novel to provide commentary on events and characters. 

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儿童可以从这一主题中了解图书馆在社会进步中的价值和重要性。当地的图书馆是玛蒂尔达可以愉快的度过两个小时的地方, 一个人安静地坐在一个舒适的角落里, 一本接一本的看书。大量的阅读丰富了玛蒂尔达的经历,玛蒂尔达告诉当地的图书管理员费尔普斯夫人, 她阅读的书中的文字让她感觉自己好像被送到了书中所描述的地方。费尔普斯夫人解释说:“一个优秀作家的作品是会让你有这种感觉......而且不要担心那些你无法理解的地方,坐下来,让这些词像音乐一样在你周围不停的环绕。”

A primary benefit that children can get from this topic is about the value and importance of libraries in a progressive society. The local library is the place where Matilda can spend ‘’two glorious hours sitting quietly by herself in a cosy corner devouring one book after another.’’ Matilda’s experiences expand as a direct result of the books that she reads. Matilda tells her local librarian, Mrs Phelps, that the writing in the books she reads makes her feel as though she is transported to the places being described. Mrs Phelps explains, "A fine writer will always make you feel that…And don’t worry about the bits that you can’t understand. Sit back and allow the words to wash around you, like music." 

玛蒂尔达通过伟大作家的描述了解了其他国家和大陆。“她和约瑟夫·康拉德一起登上了过去的帆船,她和欧内斯特·海明威一起去了非洲,和拉迪亚德·吉卜林一起去了印度,她坐在英国一个村庄的小房间里周游世界。”孩子们通过阅读这样的文字, 对其他文化有了深入的了解。因此,孩子们可以从这个话题中得到的另一个好处是,可以激励他们去旅行和探索其他环境,以此来扩大自己的视野。

Matilda learns about other countries and continents through the descriptions of great authors, "She went on olden-day sailing ships with Joseph Conrad. She went to Africa with Ernest Hemingway and to India with Rudyard Kipling. She travelled all over the world while sitting in her little room in an English village." Children gain an insight into other cultures from reading text like this. Another benefit, then, that children can get from this topic is that they can be inspired to want to travel and explore other environments than their own, in the pursuit of expanding their horizons.

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Lesson 1

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什么是角色轮?角色轮可以让我们在一本书中快速了解一个角色,我们可以在车轮上画一幅画,也可以在角色轮上写笔记。

What is a character wheel? A character wheel allows us to understand about a character from a book (we can draw a picture in the wheel; we can also write notes in the character wheel).

Lesson 2

交际对话课

Dialogue Lesson

Lesson 3

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介绍“书签”一词以及书签收藏的概念。玛蒂尔达喜欢阅读,所以我们将展示一些玛蒂尔达的书签,并学习第4课中涉及到的词汇(在这里我们制作书签)。

To introduce the word ‘bookmark’, and the notion of bookmark collections. Matilda loves reading, so we will show some Matilda bookmarks, and introduce the vocabulary needed for video lesson 4  (where we make the bookmark).

Lesson 4

交际对话课

Dialogue Lesson

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Lesson 1

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讨论英国的图书馆,特别是:移动图书馆、大学图书馆、大英图书馆、当代图书馆。

To discuss libraries in Britain, in particular: mobile libraries; university libraries; The British Library; contemporary libraries.

Lesson 2

交际对话课

Dialogue Lesson

Lesson 3

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讨论拼写技巧,以帮助学生进行拼写,因为英语语言有许多不规则的单词。

To discuss the ‘hacks’ and strategies that can be adopted in order to help with spelling in English, since the English language has many instances of irregular spelling.

Lesson 4

交际对话课

Dialogue Lesson

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Lesson 1

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知道speed和velocity的区别,了解车辆速度的记录方式。通过解析沃乌德先生利用电钻减少他出售汽车的里程这一行为来展开这一讲。

To know the difference between speed and velocity. To understand about the way speed is recorded in vehicles. Mr Wormwood reduces mileage on the cars that he sells. He reduces the mileage with an electric drill.

Lesson 2

交际对话课

Dialogue Lesson

Lesson 3

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学习“multiplication”和“division”所代表的含义,本课扩展了“multiply”的概念(在《查理和巧克力工厂》主题课中学到过)。老师期望孩子们在学校的第一周结束前熟知乘法表,玛蒂尔达比其他孩子掌握的知识要多很多,所以可以解决大多数乘法问题。

To know what ‘multiplication’ and ‘division’ mean.  This lesson expands on the concept of ‘multiply’ (introduced in the unit of ‘Charlie and The Chocolate Factory’). MH expects the children to know their two times table by the end of the first week of school. Matilda is much more advanced than the other children, so can solve most multiplication problems.

Lesson 4

交际对话课

Dialogue Lesson

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Lesson 1

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讨论不同类型的旅行,以及旅行的好处,灵感来自玛蒂尔达对世界各地的书籍的热爱。玛蒂尔达通过对海明威和吉卜林等作家的爱,为自己打开了一个新世界。

To discuss the different types of travel, and the benefits of travelling, inspired by Matilda’s love of books from around the world. Matilda being "transported into new worlds" through her love of authors such as Hemingway and Kipling. 

Lesson 2

交际对话课

Dialogue Lesson

Lesson 3

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讨论与保护自然和环境有关的负责任的旅游业。玛蒂尔达对周围的世界充满同情,通过了解新的地方和文化,她的视野得到了拓展。

To discuss responsible tourism, linked to protecting nature and the environment. Matilda being empathetic to the world around her, having had her horizons expanded by learning about new places and cultures.

Lesson 4

交际对话课

Dialogue Lesson

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Lesson 1

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告诉孩子们教育可以赋予我们力量,并使我们具有隐喻性的力量。玛蒂尔达是一个女性角色,罗尔德·达尔塑造这个形象,旨在为女性树立一个榜样。

To teach about the notion that education can empower us and make us metaphorically powerful. Matilda is a female character deliberately written by Roald Dahl to represent strong women and female role models.

Lesson 2

交际对话课

Dialogue Lesson

Lesson 3

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教导学生要保持积极的心态。玛蒂尔达从来不让困难成为她的拦路石,比如:不爱她的父母,不友善的老师。

To teach about positive affirmation. Matilda does not let challenges, unloving parents, or unkind teachers stand in her way.

Lesson 4

交际对话课

Dialogue Lesson

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Lesson 1

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了解有关门萨组织的知识。玛蒂尔达是个天才儿童,她很可能是门萨的一员。

To know about Mensa in Britain. Matilda is a child genius. She would likely have been a member of Mensa. 

Lesson 2

交际对话课

Dialogue Lesson

Lesson 3

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了解物理学家斯蒂芬·霍金以及他的作品。

To know about the celebrate physicist, Stephen Hawking. To know about some of his work and literature.  

Lesson 4

交际对话课

Dialogue Lesson

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Lesson 1

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探索胶水的作用。这一课会通过沃乌德先生的帽子被强力胶水粘在头上了展开。

To find out about glue and how it works. Mr Wormwood gets his hat stuck on his head with superglue.

Lesson 2

交际对话课

Dialogue Lesson

Lesson 3

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探索制造类似胶水的物质的方法。沃乌德先生希望找到胶水的替代品,他想要自制胶水,这样他就知道胶水有多强。

To know about ways to make glue-like substances. Mr Wormwood wants to find alternatives to glue that are bought in shops – he wants home-made glue remedies, so that he knows how strong the glue is.

Lesson 4

交际对话课

Dialogue Lesson

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Lesson 1

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《幽灵》是《玛蒂尔达》一书的第四章。玛蒂尔达让她的父母,尤其是她的父亲,相信房子里有鬼。事实上,这个家庭所认为的“鬼”是一只鹦鹉!

 ‘The Ghost’ is chapter 4 in the book ‘Matilda’. Matilda makes her parents, and especially her father, believe there is a ghost in the house. In fact, what the family believe to be a ‘ghost’ is really a parrot!  

Lesson 2

交际对话课

Dialogue Lesson

Lesson 3

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了解并练习音乐剧《玛蒂尔达》中的一首歌,把音乐剧作为一种艺术形式来讨论。

To know and practise a song from Matilda the Musical. To discuss musical theatre as an art form. 

Lesson 4

交际对话课

Dialogue Lesson

想看勇敢的玛蒂尔达智斗凶狠的校长吗?

想了解如何通过书本来进行旅行吗?

想知道如何用意念来控制事物吗?

5月20日,一起来到玛蒂尔达的世界

体验一个奇幻而又快乐的美妙世界吧!

它会让你在会心一笑的同时

领悟到深刻的人生哲学!


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